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Note: to do this, all your chromeOS data will be wiped. I recommend reading through all of this post before starting.

This post is about how I got my chromebook dual booting galliumOS.

my galliumOS

Step one: go into Developer mode.

Developer mode is a setting that lets you do development. It's not on by default because it also makes it easier to install a malicious package. (APKs, or android packages, can't be opened without developer mode.)

To turn on developer mode, hold down the esc and reload key, then tap the power key. You will be greeted by a very scary popup saying “CHROMEOS IS MISSING OR DAMAGED.” Hit control-D, and then it will say something along the lines of “START DEVELOPER MODE? all your data will be wiped.” press enter. It will start.

Step two: login

Your computer will restart and say “OS VERIFICATION IS OFF.” Press control-D.

since starting Developer mode wiped all your data, you will have to log in again, etc. If you don't want to that, you can just go into guest mode.

Step two: install Chrx

You will have to install and run Chrx, which is really easy. Just one curl command:

cd ; curl -Os && sh go

Copy and paste that command in chrosh shell (ctrl-alt-T and then type shell.)

Go through the install script. At the bottom, it will have a “diagnosis.” If it says it will only succeed if it has a firmware update keep that in mind. Reboot.

Step two.two: Update firmware

If you need to update your firmware, you will have to download MrChromebox. Type this in the crosh shell:

cd; curl -LO && sudo bash

You will see this menu:

MrChromebox menu

Press 1 to update the firmware. (When you do this, you will install BIOS [Basic Input/Output System]).

Step three: repeat “step six”

Type this command in chrosh (again):

cd ; curl -Os && sh go

That will install GaliumOS.

Step four: Get into GalliumOS

Reboot. This time, when you have to type control-D, type control-L. It will go into BIOS, then GalliumOS. Username is chrx and password is chrx.

Bonus: install whatever OSes you want

Since you have BIOS installed, you drive can boot into any flash as you wish. Just stick it into your chromebook, get into seaBIOS (control-L), and press esc. then it will tell you to select which drive to boot out of with a corresponding number.

Disqus privacy policy

One day, I decided to sign up for Disqus. After all, then I could comment on my favorite blogs! As I always do, I skimmed the privacy policy. What I found was that Disqus does not anonymize the data that it collects. I read on.

It collects your fist name, your last name and your date of birth among other things:

  • IP addresses, cookie IDs and device IDs which could all be used for advertising.

  • Your email address, phone number, and mailing address.

Alternatives to the Rescue!

There is a simple way out of this. Just use an open source alternative.

Alternative No. 1: Commento


Commento is pretty easy to use and is free. It has markdown support, and is easy to install onto a website (paste some HTML.) It also has support for the akismet extension to battle spam.

Alternative No. 2: JustComments

JustComments has a nice, clean interface and has support for reactions.